Logo law and pluralism
Logo Università Bicocca


"When we lose the right to be different, we lose the privilege to be free" (Charles E. Hughes)

Find out more

News from the observatory

Show all

New Webinar

Religious symbols in contemporary society
relevant case law
Compulsory vaccination against nine pediatric infectious diseases, respect for private life and non-violation of art. 8 ECHR
A study on the relevance of culturally motivated crimes in a pluralistic society, by Lidia Autiero
The role of education in building a truly inclusive society, by Nadia Sima Spadaro

Vaccines between obligations and recommendations. The paths of European case law

The Study presents some decisions delivered by the European Court of Human Rights and by various European Courts in relation to compulsory vaccination and to the subsequent contestation. It also includes the most recent cases about the Covid-19 vaccine.

Go to the study


Recourse against conviction for electoral offence committed by a Jehovah’s Witness. Evaluation of the applicability of the exemption of the exercise of the right to religious freedom.

Recourse against conviction for attempted murder for honour-related reasons. Evaluation of the applicability of the attenuating circumstance of passional states, in the light of cultural specificities.

Recourse against conviction for sexual assault, private violence and domestic violence, committed jointly by the parents of a minor. Assessment of the influence of the mother’s cultural background.

Recourse against acquittal for the crime of sexual abuse against minor. Evaluation of the error about the unlawfulness of the conduct.