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Relevant case law

A collection, sorted by years, of the most important judicial decisions concerning pluralism.

All the judgments collected in this website deal with the topic of pluralism in its different perspectives. Some of them, however, mark a turning point in the legal landscape of a pluralistic society. Hence the choice to highlight these decisions, by illustrating each of them with a brief comment aimed to guide the reader in understanding the importance of its content.

2021

Terna v. Italy, No. 21052/18, ECHR (First Section), 14 January 2021
Denial to a woman belonging to the Roma community of the right to visit her niece entrusted to social services, despite the authorisation granted by the court
Terna v. Italy, No. 21052/18, ECHR (First Section), 14 January 2021
Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, First Civil Section, No. 3842/2020, 15 February 2021
Discrimination through the adoption of an administrative act
Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, First Civil Section, No. 3842/2020, 15 February 2021
Opinion of Advocate General Rantos, IX v. WABE eV and MH Müller Handels GmbH v. MJ,Cases C-804/18 and C-341/19, CJEU, 25 February 2021
Prohibition imposed by an employer on his employee from wearing the Islamic veil in the work place
Opinion of Advocate General Rantos, IX v. WABE eV and MH Müller Handels GmbH v. MJ,Cases C-804/18 and C-341/19, CJEU, 25 February 2021
United Kingdom Supreme Court, [2021] UKSC 7, 26 February 2021 (Begum)
Revocation of citizenship and consequent expulsion for terrorism-related crimes. Possibility to re-enter the United Kingdom in order to have a fair trial.
United Kingdom Supreme Court, [2021] UKSC 7, 26 February 2021 (Begum)
Italian Constitutional Court, No. 48/2021, 26 March 2021
Right to be elected and requirements for participating in elections
Italian Constitutional Court, No. 48/2021, 26 March 2021
Vavřička and Others v. Czech Republic, Nos. 47621/13 and 5 others, ECtHR (Grand Chamber), 8 April 2021
Compulsory vaccination against nine pediatric infectious diseases, respect for private life and non-violation of art. 8 ECHR
Vavřička and Others v. Czech Republic, Nos. 47621/13 and 5 others, ECtHR (Grand Chamber), 8 April 2021
French Court of Cassation (Cour de Cassation française), Chambre Sociale, No. 19-24.079, 14 April 2021
Dismissal of a worker for refusing to remove the Islamic headscarf in the workplace
French Court of Cassation (Cour de Cassation française), Chambre Sociale, No. 19-24.079, 14 April 2021
Italian Supreme Court of Criminal Cassation, Section I, 9 June 2021, n. 22734
Legal relevance of kafala system in relation to the crime of facilitating illegal immigration
Italian Supreme Court of Criminal Cassation, Section I, 9 June 2021, n. 22734
IX v. WABE eV e MH Müller Handels GmbH v. MJ, Cases C-804/18, C-341/19, CJUE (Grand Chamber), 15 July 2021
Prohibition imposed by a company on its employees from wearing in the workplace conspicuous signs of political, ideological or religious beliefs
IX v. WABE eV e MH Müller Handels GmbH v. MJ, Cases C-804/18, C-341/19, CJUE (Grand Chamber), 15 July 2021
French Constitutional Council, No. 2021-822 DC, 30 July 2021
Freedom of movement, surveillance mechanism and prevention of terrorism
French Constitutional Council, No. 2021-822 DC, 30 July 2021
Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, Criminal Section V, No. 30538/2021, 4 August 2021
Culturally motivated crimes, "bride price" and absence of exculpatory value of cultural factors
Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, Criminal Section V, No. 30538/2021, 4 August 2021
Associazione Politica Nazionale Lista Marco Pannella v. Italy, No. 66984/14, ECtHR (First Section), 31 August 2021
Freedom of expression and pluralism of information in the television sector. Political associations and right to freedom to impart political opinions and ideas in the media outside election periods
Associazione Politica Nazionale Lista Marco Pannella v. Italy, No. 66984/14, ECtHR (First Section), 31 August 2021
Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, Joined Sections, No. 24414/2021, 9 September 2021
The display of the crucifix in the classrooms of public schools is legiDisplay of crucifixes in public school classrooms at the request of members of the school community, "reasonable accommodation" and respect for dissenting opinionstimate, if requested by members of the school community and as long as it respects the method of a "reasonable accommodation" in relation to any dissenting opinion
Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, Joined Sections, No. 24414/2021, 9 September 2021
León Madrid v. Spain, No. 30306/13, ECtHR (Third Section), 26 October 2021
Automatic assignment of paternal surname preceding maternal surname in naming of child and gender-based discrimination
León Madrid v. Spain, No. 30306/13, ECtHR (Third Section), 26 October 2021
IS, Case C-564/19, CJEU (Grand Chamber), 23 November 2021
Obligation for Member States to ensure that suspects and defendants receive interpretation and translation of such quality that they can understand the charges against them
IS, Case C-564/19, CJEU (Grand Chamber), 23 November 2021
Genov and Sarbinska v. Bulgaria, No. 52358/15, ECHR (Fourth Section), 30 November 2021
Freedom of expression and unjustified conviction for spray-painting a monument connected to communist regime in the context of political protest
Genov and Sarbinska v. Bulgaria, No. 52358/15, ECHR (Fourth Section), 30 November 2021
German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht), Ersten Senats, No. 1 BvR 1541/20, 16 December 2021
Disability and discrimination in access to intensive care in case of lack of resources
German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht), Ersten Senats, No. 1 BvR 1541/20, 16 December 2021

2020

Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, Labour Section, No. 19618/2020, 18 September 2020
Conflict between freedom of education and respect for the conscience of pupils: referral to the United Sections of the question relating to the display of the crucifix
Italian Supreme Court of Cassation, Labour Section, No. 19618/2020, 18 September 2020
Centraal Israëlitisch Consistorie van België e.a. and Others v. Vlaamse Regering, Case C-336/19, CJEU (Grand Chamber), 17 December 2020
Limits to ritual slaughter and compatibility with EU law
Centraal Israëlitisch Consistorie van België e.a. and Others v. Vlaamse Regering, Case C-336/19, CJEU (Grand Chamber), 17 December 2020
Selahattin Demirtaş v. Turkey (No. 2), No. 14305/17, ECtHR (Grand Chamber), 22 December 2020
Exclusion of a member of the Turkish Parliament from parliamentary work due to his prolonged pre-trial detention without sufficient justification: the ECHR on parliamentary immunity
Selahattin Demirtaş v. Turkey (No. 2), No. 14305/17, ECtHR (Grand Chamber), 22 December 2020