Terrorism. Death of civilians during military operations led by the UK in Iraq within the war on terror. Right to life. Obligation to carry out effective investigations. Violation of art. 2 ECHR.
Art. 1 ECHR
Art. 2 ECHR
1. During military operations carried out by the United Kingdom in cooperation with the United States within the so-called war on terror in Iraq, it is possible to affirm the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom pursuant to art. 1 ECHR.
2. As a consequence, the United Kingdom had a duty to carry out effective investigations into the killing of several civilians during a shooting in Iraq. Since the United Kingdom has never opened an effective and independent investigation into these deaths, there has been a violation of the procedural limb of art. 2 ECHR.
The Al-Skeini judgment is considered to be a leading case in the field of the so-called extraterritorial effect of human rights.
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